Anytime you are introduced to something new, you can expect there will be a learning curve. You will have new words to learn, all new concepts to understand, along with new ideas to master. This is true for virtually everything in life, including metal buildings.
If you are interested in learning more about the most common metal building components, keep reading. Here you will find a list of the metal building components used, along with their purpose.
What Is Included in a Pre-Engineered Metal Building Kit?
Today, you can purchase steel building kits that include everything you need for construction, including the instructions, all materials and components, and fasteners to fully erect your new building. The pre-engineered buildings you can purchase are designed to provide straightforward and simple construction from the metal roofing panels to the walls, flooring and more. When buying from Hamill Metals, you will find that these kits make it easy to construct the metal building you want on your property.
Dimensions of Your Steel Building
It is important to begin with the basics. The dimensions needed for a pre-engineered metal building will be measured by the eave height, width, and length. It is essential that you keep the building’s height in mind, which is measured to the very top of the eaves, rather than the peak of the roof. Steel buildings will be measured from the exterior, not from the square footage inside, which is what you may expect.
The Common Structural Components of a Metal Building
Now it is time to do dive into the specific components that you will find when constructing a metal building.
Floor Line and Foundation
A mental building will be installed and secured to a poured concrete foundation. The steel structure that is being built will be secured to this concrete foundation and columns that are found at the back, sides, and front of the building. These will all be secured to the concrete, which creates a solid structural support.
The corner columns for a metal building will be set up vertically in each of the four corners of the concrete foundation. The goal of these is to provide support for each corner for your building. The two corner columns that are at the front of your building and the two that are at the back of the building will connect at the roof, overhead directly to the Endwall Rafters. These are what create the pitch to the roof.
As mentioned above, your endwall rafters are designed to create the pitch of the roof at both the back and the front of your building.
Along with connecting to your endwall rafters, the columns in the corners will also connect to the eave struts. These are the parts of the building that run the entire length of your building horizontally. You will find that the eave struts serve as the primary metal beams that provide support to the entire length of your building, all along the roof, offering support to your siding and the roofing materials used.
The eave struts, endwall rafters, and the corner columns will create an outline of your metal building. Together, these components create the primary structural support for the building.
Endwall Rafters and Endwall Columns
The endwall columns provide structural support to the back and the front of the building. The endwall columns are located at each end of your metal building. They will be secured vertically into the foundation below and to the endwall rafters overhead.
The endwall columns will also connect to the endwall rafters higher on the roof pitch than the corner columns will. The endwall columns will connect to the middle portion of the endwall rafter, instead of at the ends like some of the other corner columns. With these columns, it is possible to reduce the total span of the endwall grits to ensure it can support the total load.
Frame Rafters and Frame Columns
A frame column will offer an extra level of structural support to the building’s sides. These are secured into the concrete foundation that has been poured. A frame column will be connected overhead to the frame rafters, which are going to support the building’s roof at the middle of the building and along the eave struts.
An endwall girt and sidewall girt are the horizontal components that help provide an additional layer of structural soundness and integrity. The sidewall girt is going to span the entire length of your building horizontally and they will connect to a corner column at the back or the front of the building along with the frame columns that are located in between. It is essential to have the girts, as they provide vital support for the siding on the building.
With the endwall girt, you have a component that will function the exact same as the sidewall girt however, it will be found at both of the ends of your metal building. The endwall girt will go horizontally across front one of the corner columns to the other at each end of your building. The endwall girts will attach to the corner columns, as well as the endwall columns.
Cross Bracing or Rod Braces
The rod braces are the components that will create an “X” between the columns and between the rigid frame rafters. Their purpose is to provide additional structural integrity. The braces will be secured to the columns at the sidewalls and all across the building’s roof. The braces are designed to transfer the loads that are applied to your building to the foundation.
As you can see, there are more than a few metal building components to use and know. Being informed is the best way to help ensure that the desired results are achieved and that the building will be stable and secure, regardless of the size or where it is being constructed. Keep this in mind to ensure you get the desired results from your metal building.